The call follows the publication of a study in Acta Pediatrica which revealed that babies in control groups either received no pain relief or were given placebos in 32 of the 46 trials included in the review, which runs contrary to guidelines stating they should be spared from avoidable pain.
Co-author Carlo Bellieni, from the University of Siena’s neonatal intensive care unit, told Outsourcing-pharma.com studies included in the review revolved around routine testing procedures like venipunctures or heel-pricks for which pain relief techniques are available.
“Nonpharmacological analgesic treatments exist for these minor procedures and are routinely used in almost all neonatology departments” he said, adding that “Dr Johnston and I believe that babies enrolled as controls in studies for new treatments should receive these validated analgesic treatments.”
He admitted that adding pain relief to studies in neonates would introduced a layer of complexity
“We are aware it [providing pain relief to control group babies] is not so easy, because comparing new treatments with babies who receive analgesia requires much more babies and time and this sometimes makes new studies almost impossible.”
Nevertheless Bellieni and colleague Celeste Johnson, Associate Director for Research at the McGill School of Nursing in Canada, say pain relief should be provided.
The urged ethical committees and institutional review board (IRB) to refuse clinical trials that expose babies to unnecessary pain and called on science journals to refuse to publish them.
Source Acta Pediatrica
Title "Analgesia, nil or placebo to babies, in trials that test new analgesic treatments for procedural pain"
Carlo V Bellieni and C Celeste Johnston